ByGB Blog Official 2017-01-23 1042
Part 1: what are the potential dangers?
Safety is always the most crucial thing, know the potential hazards is the first step to protecting yourself.
Generally, the snow slide will occur in 2 to 3 days after the heavy snowfall. In addition, it will be in the maximum temperature time 10am to 2pm at a day. The avalanche is sudden, fast-moving, devastating.
It can destroy large tracts of forest, houses, traffic lines, communication facilities and vehicles, and even intercept rivers, causing terrible natural phenomena such as landslides, landslides and mudslides.
Similar to the snowslide, ice fall occurs in the high temperature season and the highest temperature of the day time. It takes place at the end and two sides of the hanging glacier, ice tower, ice cliff. Almost the same destroy power as the avalanche, we should pay high attention to it.
Rolling stone are the weathered broken stone, rolling down the mountain by the gravity, wind and other effects. It takes place on the mountain that absence of the plant covers easily.
Dangers are more than that, above are just a few examples. Hence, you must know the weather and terrain well, avoiding dangers as far as possible. If you have to through or not aware of these nature disaster, fully prepared is essential.
Certain gadgets deserve space in every pack. A mountaineering will not need each item for every outdoor activity, but essential gear can be a a life-saving straw in an emergency situation.
Wikipedia has a clear definition: "The ten essentials are survival items that hiking and scouting organizations recommend for safe travel in the backcountry". Here is the list with our additional opinions.
◆ Keep it in protective cases, and master the art of topography.
◆ Use a detailed topographic map with a compass.
◆ Never pitch a tent in a ditch due to risk of flood from rain.
◆ If you carry a phone, install Apps with tracking and recording functions.
◆ A whistle can be a lifesaver if separated from your party.
Always wear sunglasses/snow goggles, sunscreen, cap, and clothing for sun protection - essential to prevent sunburn and snow blindness.
◆ Sunglasses (Sunglasses & Sports Glasses on Gearbest)
a. Choose high UV protection sunglasses that block 95% - 99% UVA ray; use tinted lenses.
b. Gray lenses reduce light intensity; brown lens block blue light and enhance color contrast. Both are good choices.
c. NXT polyurethane lenses are expensive but light, flexible, high-impact and clear; polycarbonate lens are cheap but scratch easily; acrylic lens are cheap but not durable with the worst filtering.
d. The frame must have side shields for full protection.
e. Always carry one or more pairs of mountain goggles.
a. It should contain zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, or avobenzone. Titanium oxide also filters UVB and short-wave UVA.
b. Use SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 15 or higher.
c. Use on all exposed skin, including under your chin, nose, nostrils, and ears.
a. Many climbing shoes tyles exist for different climbs and skill levels: hiking, mountaineer, or approach. Choose wisely.
b. Avoid cotton socks to prevent blistering when sweating.
c. Check your feet every night for blisters and keep socks dry.
◆ Body wear
a. Use more layers, e.g. fleece underwear, down jacket, cotton-padded jacket, and hardwear jacket.
b. Buy high-end gear, e.g. high-grade breathable waterproof jacket.
c. Never wear cotton clothing inside, it accumulates sweat which can lead to hypothermia.
◆ For hands
Use a pair of polyester gloves or fleece mitts.
◆ For head
Carry an extra hat or balaclava, for extra warmth.
Pack a headlamp or flashlight for emergencies, carry spare batteries and bulbs to extend service time.
◆ Spare batteries and bulbs: nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries work well in cold conditions.
◆ Make sure all batteries and bulbs are compatible.
Common risks include sprained ankle, falls, or fractures. Carry a first-aid kit at all times.
◆ Get first aid training and understand how to use the kit.
◆ Kit should be compact and sturdy, wrap contents in waterproof packaging.
◆ Kit essentials: different size gauze pads, roller gauze, small adhesive bandages, butterfly bandages, triangular bandages, battle dressing, adhesive tape, scissors, cleansers or soap, latex gloves, paper and pencil.
Fire is versatile: warmth, hot water, drying clothes, and seeking help - especially important on high-altitude snow or ice climbs.
◆ Carry matches, candles, lighters, chemical heat tabs, and canned heat in a waterproof container.
◆ Carry a stove for an additional emergency heat and water source.
Versatile, practical and essential.
◆ Knife (knife in Outdoors & Sports): for climbing, first-aid, food prep, and repair.
◆ Rope: climbing, and tying items together.
◆ Others: screwdrivers, scissors, pliers, etc.
Prepared extra food for emergencies. Bad weather, faulty navigation, injury, or other reasons can delay the return plan.
◆ Prioritize food that doesn't need to be cooked, is high energy, can be stored long term, and easy to digest, e.g. nuts and dried fruit.
◆ With stoves, cocoa, dried soup, and tea are excellent.
◆ Carry sufficient bottle water or in collapsible water sacks.
◆ Consider extra water due to heat, cold, altitude, exertion, or emergency.
◆ For natural water sources, a water purifier is useful.
◆ A tent, sleeping bag, raincoat or other rainproof gear is ideal.
◆ An insulated sleeping mat reduces heat loss when sitting or lying on cold surfaces.
Other items to consider include a life jacket and helmet, a lightweight camping seat, and wet wipes. Only pack essentials due to limited space. Have a happy and safe trip.
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GPS and other common positioning systems