What are the tips for photographic composition?

ByLeigha Barre 2020-01-06 1210

The most important point in the picture design of photographic composition is the balanced beauty of the composition. In daily life, everyone may have the following experience: a chair tilted gives people a sense of instability, worried that sitting down will wrestle. And most of the solemn and dignified things are very symmetrical, such as the stone lions at the entrance of ancient palaces, which give people dignity and majesty, exist in pairs and give people a sense of symmetrical beauty. Therefore, the balance of the picture of the photographic work is very important in the composition.

The Application of Symmetry and balance in the Picture  

Symmetry symbolizes a high degree of neatness. For example, the symmetrical beauty of butterflies, the shape of butterflies and wing patterns has always been appreciated by people. Symmetrical pictures are also common in photography, especially in stage photography. However, most photographic works do not pursue half-to-half symmetry in the composition, but deliberately focus on the visual balance of the picture.


Because in the composition of photography, absolute symmetry will give people a sense of stillness, formality and monotony, and people's aesthetic requirements in life are still focused on the pursuit of balance. Too much use of symmetry can make people feel dull and lack of energy. The purpose of equilibrium is to break the more rigid situation, which has both an "even" side and a flexible side. The scope of equilibrium includes the comparison of images in composition, between people and people, between people and things, between big and small, between dynamic and quiet light and dark, between high and low, and between emptiness and reality. The balance of the structure means that each part of the scene in the picture should be echoed and compared to achieve balance and stability. The balance of picture structure includes not only size and weight, but also light and shade, lines, space and tone. And so on the role of equilibrium.

The primary and secondary relationship in composition  

Life photos are mainly based on characters, so when designing the picture, we should pay attention to the relationship between the subject and the companion, the relationship between the main character and the secondary character, and the relationship between the character and the background. If a photo has only the subject but no foil, the picture will appear rigid and unchanged, but the companion can not rob the subject; the subject must be prominent in the picture, abandon complexity and simplicity, and change the shooting position and angle if necessary, or move unnecessary things, in order to achieve the simplicity of the picture and highlight the subject. It is a pity that some photos of the characters are overwhelmed by the cluttered background and the main characters are squeezed aside. The following two points can be mastered in the primary and secondary relationship of the photo picture:

(1) if you encounter a messy background, you can take the method of magnifying the aperture to blur the background behind to highlight the main body.

(2) choose the appropriate angle to shoot and avoid the cluttered background, which can make the image of the character stand out.

3, the use of "golden section" in composition

The so-called "golden section", that is, the "golden ratio", which is often applied to the composition of art and photography with a ratio of 5:8, is accurate enough for practical use, especially for the composition of photography. In the specific photographic composition, it can be applied to plot comparison, virtual and real contrast, dynamic and static comparison, size comparison and so on.



The Application of "Golden Section" in composition  

Deal with the sense of stability of the picture: stability in photography generally refers to whether the horizontal and vertical lines of the scene are correct.

Deal with the blank of the picture: blank refers to the space on the picture, generally, when taking moving photos, we must pay attention to leave a certain blank in front of the direction of movement, which helps to strengthen the sense of space of the movement. In the character shooting, there should be a certain amount of space in front of the character's line of sight, so that there will not be a feeling of hindrance.

Adjust the position of visual focus: the most attractive part of the photo is the visual center. If you want to highlight the subject image, it should be arranged in the position of the visual center.


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