A new coronavirus pneumonia suddenly broke out and swept the globe. So far, more than 600,000 cases have been diagnosed worldwide, and 14 of them have a mortality rate of more than 5%. Especially in Italy, the case fatality rate even reached 10.55%!
At the same time, according to statistics from various countries, we found that nearly half of the infected patients were elderly people over 60 years old. The elderly and those with diabetes, heart disease and other diseases are more severe and have a higher mortality rate. Among the deaths reported in China, the median age of death was 75 years.
At present, many countries have already entered an aging society. Therefore, assisting the elderly in effective prevention and control is an important link to curb the deterioration of the epidemic.
Contact transmission is one of the main transmission channels of COVID-19, so washing your hands frequently is also important as wearing a mask. Pay special attention to washing your hands after going home from outside, before eating, and after going to the toilet. Rub under running water with soap or hand sanitizer for 30 seconds, pay attention to washing the finger seams, nail seams, etc., and cut your nails as short as possible.
During the epidemic, you should avoid going to the hospital as much as possible. For family members with poor sleep quality and basic diseases, you can buy a home ventilator to provide oxygen in time when patients have difficulty breathing and snoring.
New coronaviruses generally do not fly into the room from a window, and closed environments can cause problems such as insufficient oxygen in the room and bacterial growth. It is recommended to regularly ventilate the home, and open the window 2 to 3 times a day for 15-30 minutes each time, which can effectively improve the indoor environment and prevent infection. Of course, you can also choose an air purifier to improve the room air quality.
The home environment needs to be cleaned and disinfected regularly. Based on previous knowledge of coronaviruses, this type of virus is more sensitive to UV and heat, above 30 ° C for 30 minutes, ether, 75% ethanol, chlorine-containing disinfectant (84 disinfectant, bleach, etc.), peracetic acid, and chloroform Fat solvents such as fat can effectively inactivate the virus. It is recommended to use appropriate disinfection methods for furniture, clothing, soles, etc. Before using disinfectants, you must read the instructions carefully. Improper use can easily cause safety accidents. It is not recommended to stock up a large amount of disinfectants. So as not to leave hidden dangers.
In short, the elderly population has many characteristics such as reduced organ function reserve capacity, low resistance, and coexistence of various chronic diseases. Once infected, it is often critically ill and has a very high mortality rate. Therefore, prevention is more important. This requires the joint efforts of individuals, families, social support systems, and even elderly care institutions and senior medical workers. Let us help the elderly to survive the spread of the epidemic from all angles and reduce infection and death.